Saturday, October 30, 2010


Team of East African observers mainly from Uganda;Ikwe Benson,Angela Byangwa,Sam Rukiidi and Sanza John arrived at Star Max Hotel in Mwanza at 1.45 P.m 25th October 2010 . The team was received cordially by the Hotel management and later on was joined by Eziekel Masanja Tanzania country election observation coordinator.

26th October 2010

The team which had been joined by Salome Nduta from Kenya attended two events ;1)Mwanza Media reporters and CSOs representatives meeting from 9.00A.m to 1.30 P.m at G& G Hotel in Mwanza which was organized by MPI.

2) CCM Presidential flag bearer campaign rally Mr.Kikwete the incumbent president at Nyamagana Mwanza city.

In the meeting which was also attended by local observers ,Media reporters were argued to ensure that their code of conduct is seen to be observed as they execute their duties and obliged to the following;

  • Ensure impartial, fair and balanced coverage of elections and give equitable access to all candidates and political parties because it is in the national and people's interest to do such.

  • Promote unity ,peace and stability

  • Commit themselves to be seen positively contributing to achieving free and fair elections by developing the capacity of their media institutions as opposed to sighting violence.

On the contrary Journalists reiterated that their professionalism has been compromised with. Thus Journalists have resorted to working for survival other than holding to professional ethics.

In conclusion Journalists were asked to up hold to the principles of preserving; self Integrity, Objectivity, Independence and profession due care in the execution of their duties.

CCM Presidential campaign rally conducted by the incumbent president his excellence Kikwete was held in the open space in Nyamagana.The rally had a large crowd full of excitement dressed in the party yellow and green attire;T-shirts caps,kangas and flags, chanting party slogan ;ushindi ni laziima(winning is a must).The president landed in a chopper at a play ground in the neighbour hood and picked by a fleet of six vehicles to the campaigning venue.

Two of the vehicles were green, a party colour.

CCM ,Kikwete Presidential campaign rally at Nyamagana on 26th October 2010.

The rally had a live band that kept crowd energized. Despite his campaign speech taking short time of about 25minutes, people started leaving the venue when he was half way .Among others the President appealed to voters vote for him and his party parliamentary flag bearers. The environment was calm and the rally ended well without any harassment at 6.10 P.m.

27th October2010

The team which had been joined by Thadea Karekezi went to Buswelu in Ilemela constituency and found the CCM rally had just ended. Nevertheless few people mostly women were still there chanting party songs of victory whom we interviewed together with the area party chairperson and all expressed support of the incumbent party flag bearers.
Thereafter we followed the contestant Mr.Diallo to pasiasi where his day's next rally was to take place .
As we waited till 4.00 p.m in vain, we decided to move to Igogo Nyamagana constituency to observe an opposition rally of a CHADEMA parliamentarian flag bearer.
The rally was collaborated by both CHADEMA and CUF parties .CHADEMA flag bearer was campaigning for parliamentary seat while CUF flag bearer was for councilor seat.

The rally was held in Igogo Mwanza city congested suburb area and not in an open place.
People in attendance had budges, flags and posters for both parties; CHADEMA and CUF.

Below is CHADEMA Parliamentary campaign manager at a rally at Igogo in Nyamagana constituency

CHADEMA Parliamentary flag bearer Mr.Wenje at his rally in Igogo ward in Nyamagana.

There were more men than women and the youth were many and calm. Despite the rally taking long, people stood eagerly listening amidst rain drizzles.
To note at this rally there were people dressed in CCM party attire but no chaos ensued.

General observation;

Visiting the Landing site at Lake Victoria in Mwanza, people transacting business normally and same is true for social centres to mention;Kirumba Resort and Shooters pub.
In the catholic parish church no politicking is being preached other than praying for peace, unity, free and fair elections.

28th October 2010

The Team which had been joined by Mudakikwa John an observer from Rwanda moved to Magu District Head Quarters with the guidance of the Local observers; Vicent Ludomya and Sylvester Kakinda and met among others the District Executive Director (Returning Officer) and the District commissioner.
The District Executive Officer had this to say ;
That there are two constituencies under his jurisdiction namely Magu and Busega
Magu has 18 wards with 369 polling stations and Busega has 13 wards with 258polling stations making a total of 627 polling stations.
Registered voters are 230,889.
The District executive director moved the team to the store which housed the voting materials which were found well packaged and ready for distribution.

Magu District Executive Director Mr.Ngundungi with a team of observers in stores for electoral materials receiving a phone call.

The team further had an interaction with the District Commissioner whom we were informed that is in charge of security. She appreciated the presence of observers and pledged her support to the team.

She explained that there are five parliamentary flag bearer candidates representing; CUF, CCM, CHADEMA,UPD and NLD in Magu.Four parties;CCM,CHADEMA,CUF and UDP are being contested for in Busega.

She assured the team of maximum security and that there was no cause for alarm.

The team was further informed that there are ten returning officers at the District Headquarters under whom are thirty one assistant returning officers at ward levels.

Team with Magu District commissioner M/s Zainabu

Voter's awareness;

The district executive director observed that there has been extensive voter education advertisement by both the CSOs and the Government. He pointed out that:

  1. sample ballot papers were already displayed in every polling station, a claim confirmed by local observers

  2. sensitization of the masses on ballot paper and voter education generally was going on through media and ward level interactions with electoral officials and civil society

Readiness of the NEC officials in the area to conduct election

On whether the district election officials and the NEC was ready, Mr. Cornelius Ngundungi, the District Executive Director (DED) who is also the Returrning Officer for the 2 constituencies of Magu and Buseka in Magu district, assured us that his team was more than ready for the electios:

  • a team of 41 Assistant Returning Officers (10 at the district HQs and 31 others at the division level) has been assembled to man elections

  • training of polling officials has already been conducted at all levels

  • Electoral materials have already been packaged ready for transportation to the divisions and wards the next day. We were conducted to the electoral materials storehouse and we saw the materials securely sealed with serialized seals, transparent and serialized ballot boxes, each sealed with voter materials, destined for specific polling stations

  • Electoral materials included ballot papers, voter lists and registers, t-shirts and identification tags for officials.

  • a state of the art IT modern tally center, was being set up and expected to be ready by 30th October 2010, to facilitate consolidation of votes from polling stations and transmission to NEC HQs

  • The DED has established a conflict resolution committee to deal with complaints and complaints handling mechanisms which involved political parties involved.

Copies of code of conduct for political parties` aspirants were given to observers.

Consolidation of votes.

The District executive Director explained that;

  • Vote accounting shall done at spot on the voting day evening.

  • For councilors results shall be declared at the polling centre

  • For parliamentarian results shall be counted at each polling centre and there after consolidated at the constituency level.

  • Presidential votes shall be counted at polling centre and later on consolidated district level and eventually be sent to National level where they shall be declared.

Sabasaba campaign rally ;

A discussion with the campaign manager of UDP and two other colleagues indicated that CCM was favored by the electoral commission because they were interfering with the schedule of party rallies and no action was being taken. This has resulted into some of the youth supporters of the party being arrested.

An excited campaign supporter waiting for CHADEMA parliamentary flag bearer at sabasaba dancing on top of a moving car.

Compiled by;

Sanza John, Mwanza

Edited and uploaded by;

Bwambale Edwin, Dar es Salaam

The RWECO/CEW-IT team leaves for Tanzania to participate in election observation

Members of the CEW-IT from Uganda team at the Legal and Human Right Centre (LHRC) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

A team of 15 members from RWECO in Uganda arrived yesterday in Tanzania to observe the country’s national elections scheduled for October 30th.2010 to main offices ensure free and fair elections. The team set off from Entebbe air port at 12; 00pm aboard the precision airways and reached Mwanza at 1:00pm where three of the members remained and the rest proceeded to Arusha Zanzibar and Dares- Salaam respectively. The group of five people left Mwanza airport at 5: 00pm in the evening and arrived at Julius Nyerere International airport at 700 pm from where they were picked by the team from Legal and Human Rights Center the lead organization in election monitoring and taken to Landmark hotel where they were accommodated. According to our observations and sharing from the few people we managed to interact with, the incumbent president from the CCM party is dominating with most of his posters around and one can hardily notice the posters of the other candidates though we can not make a conclusion now. The team will be briefed on the whole process by Dr. Rose Mwapopo before they can participate in the different political rallies
Members at one of the CCM rally in Dar es Salaam

Thursday, October 21, 2010

1.3 Billion Ugandan shillings from HIVOs and OXFAM NOVIB to boost RWECO electoral monitoring process. By Timothy & Godfrey

HIVOs and Oxfam NOVIB has committed 1.3 billion Ugandan shillings to boost the electoral monitoring process in the Rwenzori region, west Nile, Soroti, and Gulu. This was revealed by Mr. James Mwirima the coordinator of the project while closing two day training for election observers. Mr. James Mwirima said that he was delighted to have received funding to the tune of 1.3 Billion Uganda Shillings from the two development partners HIVOS and OXFAM NOVIB to facilitate monitoring of the electoral process in Uganda. The coordinator was very grateful to the timely contribution from the development partners and promised to put the money to good use.

In his brief communication Mr. James Mwirima re-emphasized the need for the neutrality of observers while monitoring elections. He warned them not to conflict with the law. He argued the observers to provide daily updates about elections to their respective focal persons or directly to the website which has been created by RIC-NET to enhance the information sharing about electoral process. To this, Rwenzori Information Centers Network (RICNET) will provide serialized phone numbers to all observers to facilitate the communication process. It was further revealed that RWECO secretariat was going to be revamped with two more staffs to help in the running affairs of the secretariat.

On its part, RWECO is handling the issue of accreditations of its observers with the electoral commission.
As part of the campaign to access electoral process information, regional data centers will be established in Fort portal for the western region, Gulu for the Northern region and Mbale for the Eastern region to relay regular update on elections.

The observers will be expected to attend rallies as part of the campaign to popularize the citizens Manifesto. To this they are required not only to attend all campaign rallies but even meetings at sub county level and facilitate debates between the aspiring candidates.

The coordinator ended with a strong warning to the observers to avoid reporting unverified claims for this will be of an embarrassment to the organisation. The observers, who were working with the electoral commission in any capacity, campaign agents, political assistants were told to resign immediately for they will not be tolerated as observers. With much emphasis on neutrality of election observers, Mr. James warned observers against wearing party colours, corruption and bribery noting that these compromise the integrity of the organisation

Informative training for election observers to monitor the pre and post election events in the Rwenzori region comes to an end. By Godfrey and Timothy

The two day workshop on electoral monitoring process for the Rwenzori region comes to an end. The workshop started on Wednesday 20th October 2010 at 9.30 am. Participants were drawn from RWECO partners Rwenzori Information Centers Network (RIC-NET) Karambi Action for Life Improvement (KALI), Rwenzori Anti- Corruption coalition (RAC), Good hope Foundation, Integrated women in development programme (IWDP), Kabarole research and resource Center (KRC), organizations operating in the seven districts of the region. The consortium is aimed at ensuring that there is free and fair elections in the Rwenzori region
A 2-day workshop on election monitoring process was organized By RWECO as a learning event for election observers for the forth coming general election in Uganda
From the workshop the emerging issues were focusing on the benefits of a democratic, free and fair election, the neutrality of the election commission and how the citizen’s participation will be guided. Below are the key issues that emerged from the discussions
1. It was a general belief that the democratic exercise/practice though expensive in the short run it is profitable in the long run
2. That democratic culture is infectious
3. That democratic fruits have to be tested by all citizens and that everybody has a right to participate in the process
4. That democratic system can only be as good the players(stakeholders) call for a thorough analysis of all key stakeholders and their contribution to the fairness of the electoral process
5. That electoral commission official often temper with results at the tallying stage an issue vehemently rejected by district registrars present. That the mismatch with the tallied results with those generated by candidates from their agents has always been a source electoral conflicts and violence.
6. The circumstances under which polling stations are gazette including issues of polling stations for soldiers on operation in areas were questioned by the participants. Wandering why there is always unnecessary deployment of soldiers in some areas who in turn vote.

7. The participants needed to know the contribution of the electoral commission to the enactment of electoral laws
8. Voter education was yet another serious emerging issue from the plenary. Participants asked for explanations as to why voter education is always delayed and rushed towards election. The this the response was delay in release of funds from the ministry of finance
9. Participants were not satisfied with the way the accreditation process has been handled. The rising issue was when the accreditation cards for observers will be released given the fact that the process is already behind time.
10. The other worry was that the electoral commission demand for identification tags for observers could be a ploy to block civil society organisations from observing the elections. To this, participants wanted clarification as to when cards will be ready and whether they will be ready in time.

Wednesday, October 20, 2010

Election Observers in the Rwenzori region under CEW-IT trained in the use of ICTs in the Monitoring election Process: By Timothy & Godfrey

It was an exciting day for election observers in the Rwenzori region under CEW-IT as they attended a two day training on how they will use the ICTs in the monitoring of the election process in the Rwenzori region .the training started today at 9.30 am at ST.Joseph’s conference centre- virika in Fort portal municipality Kabarole District. Participants at the training were drawn from RWECO partners RIC-NET, KALI, RAC, Good hope, IWDP, KRC, organizations operating in the seven districts of the region. The consortium is aimed at ensuring that there is a free and fair election process in the Rwenzori region. The consortium has sister organizations such as CEFRD in Gulu, PAC in Soroti, ACORD in west Nile.

Two day training on election monitoring process using IT was organized under five key objectives:
1. To orient election observers on the use of the USHAHIDI web monitoring plat form.
2. To Orient election observers with the citizens manifesto and discuss issues concerning the citizen manifesto in the Rwenzori
3. To have an over view of election laws and procedures
4. To have an over view of election history of Uganda
5. To equip election observers with tips on how to face the citizens during in the election monitoring process.

The facilitators mainly from the electoral commission-District Registrars from the districts of Kabarole,Kyenjojo and Bundibugyo led participants through an over view of electoral laws and procedures putting much emphasis on guidelines for monitoring and reporting during the nomination, campaign, voting, tallying and results declaration processes. During the presentation, the District registrars explained the mandate of the electoral Commission and the key laws governing the electoral process; namely the 1995 constitution of Uganda as amended. The presidential elections Act 2005, the parliamentary elections Act 2005, Local governments act (Cap 243), the electoral commission act (Cap 140), the Political parties and organizations act.

The district registrars from six of the districts of the Rwenzori region were able to give a distinquition between an election monitor and an election observer and where each derives its mandate. The key distinquition being that monitors have powers to cause remedial actions and this mandate is entrusted with the electoral commission officials while the observers do not have the mandate to intervene and change the course of the electoral process but only to observe and make reports to the electoral commission.

During the discussion, it was noted that fairness of the electoral process can not be determined by what transpires on the election/voting day alone arguing that the entire process should be analyzed right from the enactment of electoral laws to declaration of results. To this the participants were taken through out the electoral process and pointing out key areas of interest to be analyzed by observers if they were to measure the fairness of an election.

The importance of working with the Electoral Commission in voter education and election monitoring was highlighted. Therefore organizations should have a relationship with the commission that is not antagonistic to achieve better outcomes. The issue of neutrality was emphasized and observers argued not to take political sides.

While presenting on the overview of electoral history of Uganda and east Africa, which highlighted the turmoil east Africa has gone through, Mr. Gwada Ogot noted that the power of the people should be respected by politicians. He noted that what happens in the neighboring country affects the other citing a clear example of the recent Kenya elections whose impact is still being felt to date by not only Kenya but also her neighbors Uganda inclusive. The over view clearly showed the interdependence and role of key players in the democratic process noting that the process can only be as good as the players (stakeholders) Involved.

The documentary on the citizen manifesto was viewed by participants highlighting keys issues of importance to the citizens. The citizen manifesto is premised on the principle that citizens interests are primarily for the state’s survival and security, the pursuit of wealth and economic growth and power and preservation of national heritage and culture. The manifesto puts citizens at the fore front of shaping the agenda of politicians and the political systems for which politicians and government should be working. It was observed that the lack of strategic thinking is the major reason why national policies often fail to be proactive and forward thinking. However, for the citizen manifesto philosophy to take root, the civic competence of citizens must be enhanced for them to be able to demand for what they deserve and hold the leaders accountable.

Finally participants were introduced to the use of IT in the monitoring process to foster information flow on incidents and disseminating results. The facilitator Mr. Emmanuel from the USHAHIDI web monitoring plat form highlighted how the web based system works and how the observers will use to report issues while observing the elections.

Monday, October 11, 2010


Photo of some participants at CEW-IT workshop in Kampala 4th-5th October

made up of six organisations from the Rwenzori region:(Karambi Action for Life Improvement (KALI), Integrated Women Development Programme (IWDP), Goodhope Foundation for Rural Development (GHFRD), Rwenzori Information Centres Network (RIC-NET), Kabarole Research and Resource Centre (KRC) and Rwenzori Anti-corruption Coalition (RAC)); have joined PAC (from Teso), CEFORD (from West Nile) and ACORD (from Gulu) to participate actively in the election process and amplifier the citizens contributions towards election monitoring. This joint effort is named Citizens Election Watch – IT (CEW-IT).
A Memorandum of Understanding has been signed among the four regional organizations and an Advisory committee to coordinate the effort has been set up. This committee includes both representatives of HIVOS and Oxfam Novib in addition to the representatives of member organization.(Photo of Members of CEW-IT advisory Committee)

Tuesday, October 5, 2010

EC message to CEW-IT

CEW-IT workshop on election observation was addressed by Mrs Nawe Molly Kamukama, head of the Voter Education and Training Department.
In her speech, she stress the following issues:
The Ugandan electoral process is based on the law. Administratively, the electoral Commission (EC) does not have much leeway apart from what is stated in the law.
EC is supposed to accredit CSOs and CBOs who are interested in voter education and are self-financing. EC accredits them to conduct civic education.The broader mandate for civic education is with Uganda Human Rights Commission.
The law limits civic education to voter education around elections period.
In preparation for the 2011 general elections,65 organizations have been accredited based on the criteria set by the electoral commission and after verification with the NGO board. Trainings have been provided to the observers as well information materials for use. CCEDU is one of those organisations that have been accredited.

The commission monitors the CSOs based submitted work plans and signs Memorandums of understanding with all accredited organisations.

The commission carries out its own civic education although most of the education being carried out during election period is voter education or information. Government of Uganda and development partners fund the civic education department. For civic education, the country is divided into 4 regions contracted out to consultancy firms to distribute EC materials developed, train people and carry out logistics.

Election observation and monitoring
The laws do not allow anybody except an election administrator to monitor elections therefore that person should be authorized by the EC or should have managed elections before. A monitor has the authority to intervene and correct an anomaly when something is going wrong in the process.
The law here allows for election observation by CSOs. CSO are allowed to observe and not intervene in the election process. A CSO has to apply to get accredited and must give a report at the end of the exercise. Some CSOs have worked with the commission through projects to carry out certain activities for example, the international Public institute carried out dialogues with EC and political parties to build the relationship between opponent parties and EC.
The commission is using information Technology. There is an electronic national voters’ register with bio data for 5 million citizens. The register can be accessed online. ( This has been facilitated by USAID. In the future, citizens shall be able to query the commission database via text message to get their voter details and also receive voter information. An electronic tally system funded by DDP shall be put in pace for elections in 2011.

CEW-IT Workshop Sharing objectives: Learning from day I

Sharing objectives: Learning from day I, to be used to refine a Roadmap for Election Monitoring, and for Mapping Synergies between Stakeholders.

Key Learning Points for consideration:

Citizen Manifesto – by NGO Forum (Arthur Larok)
Putting citizens at the fore of shaping the agenda of politicians and the political systems for which politicians and government should be working for
• The role of (political) history of Uganda and the EA region in explaining the way our politics is and therefore the need for things like the citizens manifesto to correct some of the anomalies from history.
• Civic education and not just voter education. It is empowerment of the citizens to make their leaders more accountable.
• The process needs to be owned by the citizens with real voices and not assumed voices.

Report from Uchaguzi (Kenya) – CRECO and SODNET
CRECO – by Salome Nduta
A description of the process followed by Uchaguzi (during the recent Kenya referendum), which brought out the need for clear planning especially on the polling day for the morning and closing peak times when most information is received. Other Learning Points captured include:
• Central distribution of airtime to observers brought hiccups in the process especially where network coverage was poor.
• Even with the use of technology as the key tool in the observation process, it is important to maintain other ways of monitoring and reporting incidents to counter issues that arise for example, when presiding officers in Kenya refused some observers to use their phones during the observation process.
• Have a strategy for issues arising: Focal points with key institutions should be set up to help escalate and remedy issues arising from field reports, for example the IIEC focal point who worked with CRECO to sort out the issues arising from observers not being able to use their mobile phones at polling stations.
SODNET – by Philip Thigo
• The importance of an organisation with experience in monitoring to take the lead in coordinating the process.
• The “how to” card that standardises the reporting on incidents from observers.

Uganda Elections: Interaction between EC and Monitoring CSOs – by CCEDU (Gwada Ogot)
It is important to work with the Electoral Commission in civic and voter education, and election monitoring. The commission carries the mandate however you think of that mandate. Civil organisations need to have a working relationship that is not antagonistic. For example, the law in Uganda gives the mandate to EC to accredit organisations for the monitoring process and approve all messages going out in regards to civic and voter education.

Other related Platforms – by Appfrica Uganda, and Makerere University
Appfrica – by Matthew
• There are ICT tools that can be used to complement the process of election monitoring and in some instances to aid the efficiency of the process. “Swiftriver”, is a tool to be used by the management of information that comes in from observers.
Makerere University – by Simon Peter Muwanga
• “OpenXdata” tool gives information gatherers mobile based way to collect predefine information.

Uganda Election Platform: - by DEMgroup and NDI (Heather Kashner, Jackie Mugisha and Reinier Battenberg)
A platform – Ugandawatch2011 - has been launched for election monitoring for Uganda in 2011 by DEMgroup. A structure has been set up, which started with the voter registration and display exercise and is now going into the campaign stage and finally the polling day itself. Technical description of the platform and its application procedures and processes was presented.

Tanzania Election preparations – by TECCO/LHRC (Ezekiel Massanja)
There are advantages in having a loose network (coalition) when working as opposed to a structured (public sector?) organisations which may lose its membership.

ICT and Elections: The Top Ten Election Applications by Mountbatten (Reinier Battenberg)
The use of the 10 tactics in mapping and drawing the roadmap for civil society organisations for Uganda’s 2011 elections.


CCEDU Citizens Coalition for Electoral Democracy in Uganda
CEWIT Citizens Election Watch IT
CRECO Constitutional Review and Education Consortium
DEMGroup Democracy Monitoring Group
LHRC Legal and Human Rights Centre
NDI National Democratic Institute
RWECO Rwenzori Consortium for Civic Competence
SODNET Social Development Network
TACEO Tanzanian Coalition for Election Observation

Monday, October 4, 2010

Kampala Election Process workshop going on.

The workshop on electoral process for Eastern Africa started today at 9.00 am. Participants drawn from CSO in Kenya, Rwanda,Burundi and Uganda together with representatives of funding institutions and organization such as HIVOS, Oxfam Novib, EU participated.
Citizens Election Watch IT (CEW IT) is a coalition that brings together organisations from four regions of Uganda. Rwenzori region, West Nile region, Acholi region and Teso region. The organisations came together to collaborate on election monitoring.

A 2-day workshop on election monitoring was organised with two key objectives:
To map who is doing what in Uganda in the area of election monitoring, find synergies and draw a roadmap for various civil society actors in Uganda.
To share learning and experiences on election monitoring from the East Africa Community region including IT tools usage as an integral part of election monitoring.

Constitutional Review and Education Consortium (CRECO) from Kenya shared its experiences in election monitoring with the use of IT for the just concluded referendum in Kenya. They showed that the use of IT in the monitoring process provided a faster way of receiving information on incidents and disseminating results and information. CRECO shared the need for clear planning and strategies during the whole process of monitoring. A strategy for escalating incidents was set up, which helped CRECO solve challenges on the ground faster thus causing less disruptions to the work on the monitors.

ICT tools that can be used in the process of election monitoring were showcased. Ushahidi platform on which CRECO’s Uchaguzi platform is modelled was shown and explained. The web based platform allows users to visually see data by means of a map on various issues arising around election. Appafrica Uganda demonstrated the use of the swiftriver tool, which can speed up the process of filtering information received from field monitors thus speeding up the display and dissemination of issues arising and results. Makerere University demonstrated a mobile based application for data collection that eases the collection of data in the field.

A citizens manifesto which carries the wishes of the citizens of Uganda shall be launched in October. The manifesto puts citizens at the fore front of shaping the agenda of politicians and the political systems for which politicians and government should be working for.

The importance of working with the Electoral Commission in civic and voter education, and election monitoring was highlighted. Therefore organisations should have a relationship with the commission that is not antagonistic to achieve better outcomes.

The learning and experience shared at the workshop shall provide a background and basis to map activities of the various actors in election monitoring and provide a road map to guide organisations in Uganda in election monitoring for the coming months.